How to Repair Roof Shingles Blown Off: A Step-by-Step Guide

As a homeowner, one of the most common roofing issues you may encounter is roof shingles blown off during severe weather events or due to age-related wear and tear. Addressing this problem promptly is crucial to prevent further damage to your roof and home. In this article, we’ll walk you through the process of how to repair roof shingles blown off, so you can restore your roof’s integrity and protect your property.

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Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for demonstration purposes only and should not be considered professional advice. Always prioritize safety and consult with a licensed roofing contractor for the best results and to ensure compliance with local building codes and regulations.

Assessing the Damage

Before you begin any roof repair project, it’s essential to assess the damage and determine the extent of the problem. Here’s how to safely inspect your roof:

  1. Use a ladder to access the roof: Place the ladder on stable ground and ensure it extends at least three feet above the roofline. Always have someone hold the ladder steady for you.
  2. Wear proper safety gear: Put on non-slip shoes, gloves, and a safety harness if necessary to minimize risks of a fall.
  3. Inspect the damaged area: Look for missing, cracked, or torn shingles, as well as any exposed underlayment or roof decking. Be sure to check for any bald spots where the shingle granules may have worn away, as this can also lead to leaks and other problems.
  4. Check the surrounding shingles: Examine the shingles adjacent to the damaged area for any signs of wear, loose roofing nails, or other issues that may need to be addressed.
  5. Determine the scope of the repair: If only a few shingles are missing or damaged, a DIY repair may be possible. However, if the damage is extensive or you’re unsure about your ability to make the repair, it’s best to contact a professional roofing contractor.

severe weather threatens to shingles

Tools and Materials Required

Before you start your roof shingles blown off repair, gather the following tools and materials:

  • Ladder
  • Safety gear (non-slip shoes, gloves, safety harness)
  • Replacement shingles (matching the existing ones as closely as possible)
  • Roofing nails
  • Hammer
  • Pry bar
  • Utility knife
  • Roofing cement
  • Caulking gun
  • Putty knife
  • Broom or leaf blower

Having all the necessary tools and materials on hand will make your repair process more efficient and help you avoid unnecessary trips up and down the ladder.

preparations for shingle repair

Step-by-Step Guide to Repairing Blown Off Shingles

Step 1: Remove the Damaged Shingle

  1. Using the pry bar, carefully lift the edges of the damaged shingle and the surrounding shingles to access the nails.
  2. Slide the pry bar under the damaged shingle and gently pry out the nails, taking care not to damage the underlayment or adjacent shingles.
  3. Remove the damaged shingle and dispose of it properly.

Step 2: Prepare the Area for the New Shingle

  1. Clean the area where the new shingle will be placed, removing any debris or remaining nails.
  2. Check the underlayment for any damage or tears. If the underlayment is damaged, repair it with a piece of self-adhering ice and water shield or roofing felt before proceeding.
  3. Ensure the area is smooth and free of any obstructions that may prevent the new shingle from lying flat.

Step 3: Install the New Shingle

  1. Align the new shingle with the surrounding ones, ensuring it fits snugly into place.
  2. Secure the new shingle with roofing nails, placing them in the same pattern as the existing shingles (typically four nails per shingle).
  3. Drive the nails straight and flush with the shingle’s surface, taking care not to over-drive or under-drive them.
  4. Apply a small dab of roofing cement over each nail head to seal them and prevent leaks.

Step 4: Seal the Edges and Ensure Proper Adhesion

  1. Apply a bead of roofing cement along the edges of the new shingle, as well as the edges of the surrounding shingles that were lifted during the repair process.
  2. Use the putty knife to spread the cement evenly and remove any excess.
  3. Press the shingles down firmly to ensure proper adhesion and create a tight seal.
  4. Allow the roofing cement to dry and cure according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

how quickly to repair blown shingles

Tips for Preventing Future Shingle Loss

To minimize the risk of roof shingles blown off in the future, consider the following tips:

  1. Schedule regular roof inspections: Have a professional roofing contractor inspect your roof annually to identify and address any potential issues before they escalate. This can save you time, money, and hassle in the long run.
  2. Invest in high-quality, wind-resistant shingles: When replacing your roof or making repairs, choose shingles with a high wind resistance rating to better withstand severe weather conditions.
  3. Ensure proper installation: Proper shingle installation, including correct nailing techniques and adequate overlapping, can significantly reduce the likelihood of shingles being blown off. If you’re unsure about your ability to install shingles correctly, it’s best to leave the job to a professional.
  4. Address underlying issues: Identify and fix any problems that may cause shingle loss, such as improper attic ventilation, damaged flashing, or loose drip edges. These issues can allow water and moisture to seep under your shingles, leading to damage and premature aging.

When to Call a Professional Roofing Contractor

While repairing roof shingles blown off can be a manageable DIY project in some cases, there are situations where it’s essential to call a professional roofing contractor:

  • Extensive damage: If a large number of shingles are missing or damaged, or if the damage extends to the underlayment or roof decking, a professional repair is necessary.
  • Complex roof design: If your roof has a complex design, multiple valleys, or steep slopes, it’s best to leave the repair to a trained professional.
  • Lack of experience or safety concerns: If you’re not confident in your ability to safely and effectively repair the damage, it’s better to hire a professional to avoid potential injuries or further damage to your roof.

When choosing a roofing contractor, look for a licensed, insured, and experienced professional with positive reviews and references. A reputable contractor will provide a detailed estimate, use high-quality materials, and stand behind their work with a warranty.

How to Prevent Shingle Damage


Repairing roof shingles blown off is a crucial task that homeowners should address promptly to prevent further damage and ensure their home’s protection. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article and taking the necessary safety precautions, you can successfully repair minor shingle damage on your own. However, if the damage is extensive or you’re unsure about your ability to make the repair, don’t hesitate to contact a professional roofing contractor. Regular roof maintenance and inspections can help prevent future shingle loss and keep your roof in top condition for years to come.


Can I use a different type of shingle for the repair than what's currently on my roof?

While it's best to use shingles that match your existing roof as closely as possible, you can use a different type of shingle for the repair if necessary. However, keep in mind that the new shingle may not blend seamlessly with the surrounding ones, and it may be more noticeable. If you have extra shingles left over from your original roof installation, it's best to use those for repairs.

How can I tell if my roof damage is severe enough to warrant a professional repair?

If you notice any of the following signs, it's best to contact a professional roofing contractor: large areas of missing or damaged shingles, damage to the underlayment or roof decking, leaks or water stains inside your home, sagging or uneven roof planes, extensive moss, algae, or fungal growth on your roof. If you're unsure about the severity of the damage, it's always better to err on the side of caution and consult a professional.

How often should I inspect my roof for potential issues?

It's recommended to have your roof professionally inspected at least once a year, preferably before the start of your area's severe weather season (e.g., hurricane or winter storm season). Additionally, you should visually inspect your roof from the ground after any major weather event or if you notice any signs of damage, such as missing shingles or leaks inside your home. Regular inspections can help catch minor issues before they develop into more serious and costly problems.

Can I repair my roof shingles blown off in cold weather?

While it's possible to repair roof shingles in cold weather, it's generally more challenging and may not yield the best results. Asphalt shingles become brittle and more prone to cracking in cold temperatures, making them harder to work with. Additionally, roofing cement and other adhesives may not seal as effectively in cold weather, compromising the repair's long-term durability. If possible, wait for a warmer day (above 40°F or 4°C) to make your repairs. If you must repair your roof in cold weather, take extra care when handling the shingles and allow more time for the adhesives to set and cure properly.

Can I walk on my roof to make repairs?

While it's possible to walk on most asphalt shingle roofs to make repairs, it's essential to take proper safety precautions and minimize foot traffic to prevent damage. Always wear non-slip shoes with good traction, and avoid walking on wet, icy, or moss-covered areas of the roof. Use a safety harness or rope if you're working near the edges or on a steep slope. If you're unsure about your ability to safely navigate your roof or if your roof has a complex design or fragile material (e.g., clay tiles or slate), it's best to leave the repair to a professional roofing contractor.

How long can I expect my roof repair to last?

The longevity of your roof repair will depend on several factors, such as the quality of the materials used, the skill of the installer, and the overall condition of your roof. In general, a properly executed shingle repair can last for several years, often matching the remaining lifespan of the surrounding shingles. However, if your roof is nearing the end of its expected lifespan or has widespread damage, a complete roof replacement may be a more cost-effective solution in the long run.

Can I be compensated by my insurance company for repairing roof shingles blown off?

In many cases, homeowners insurance policies will cover the cost of repairing roof shingles blown off due to severe weather events or other covered perils. However, the specific coverage and compensation will depend on your individual policy, deductible, and the cause of the damage. It's essential to document the damage thoroughly and contact your insurance provider promptly to discuss your coverage and filing a claim. Keep in mind that some policies may not cover damage resulting from normal wear and tear or lack of maintenance, so it's crucial to review your policy carefully and maintain your roof regularly to ensure adequate protection.